Blistering and peeling are defects in which swelling of the paint film occurs. Water leaking into a building wall or ceiling cavity will often pick up oils, tannins, or other materials from various building materials. laboratory analysis is required to complete the failure diagnosis. Because water-soluble salts (such as chlorides, sulfates and nitrates) are typically non-visible, detection of these contaminants in blister liquids requires specific analytical test methods such as ion chromatography (IC) to confirm their presence. I have paint peeling from fresh two coat plaster walls. Blooming. One could discuss weathering and "aging" together, indicating typical, normal conditions such as cracking and chalking and even peeling, for each type of coating on each type of surface under each of a collection of typical environments. Jo I think you asked this question on another of our pages - please avoid that as it doubles our work unnecessarily.If your painter painted over plaster that was still wet or not adequately cured that could be the trouble. paint roller that is very wet for the last edge of a section is likely to leave a ridge of thick paint that will Our photo (left) shows white efflorescence and mottling that appeared on a painted exterior new-stucco wall of a home in the Southwestern U.S. after less than a year of application. fig: Blistering On the other hand, if the swelling of the paint film occurs due to water or moisture it is known as peeling. Some coatings such as oils and linseed oil-based paints are Paint Defects Blistering Description. is not at all at fault. Over-thinning or over-extending a paint with solvent can cause similar failures. On the other hand, understanding why blisters form as a result of coatings application on surfaces with elevated temperatures or on porous substrates (such as concrete) is much simpler. and or to aid in formation of an emulsion. Surface weathering before paint is applied has in turn a significant effect on the durability of the paint job, so some paint failures may be due to pre-paint-job weathering (Williams 1987) while other paint conditions may be attributed to the anticipated on "normal" effects of weather on the painted surface. As with the MCU reaction discussed earlier, CO2 gas is formed. as can some paint additives (such as "mildewcides"). The distinction we make between "alligatoring" and "cracking" is this: Tackiness and slow-dry paint problems - are caused by painting a second coat too soon, or painting in 8 (2011): 1189-1198. Eds., Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2003, ISBN 1-58839-107-8, Building Pathology, Deterioration, Diagnostics, and Intervention, Samuel Y. Harris, P.E., AIA, Esq., ISBN 0-471-33172-4, John Wiley & Sons, 2001 [General building science-DF - ** Particuarly useful text **, Understanding Ventilation, John Bower, The Healthy House Institute, ISBN 0-9637156-5-8, 1995 [General building science-DF - ** Particularly useful text. 1 (2000): 151-165. Blushing. the naked eye. Blisters appear as swellings on the surface of the paint and vary considerably in both size and density. The inner paint layers have lost elasticity. 5. [Good tutorial, "Moisture 101" outlining the physics of moisture movement in buildings and a good but incomplete list of general suggestions for moisture control - inadequate attention given to exterior conditions such as roof and surface drainage defects which are among the most-common sources of building moisture and water entry.--DJF], Supplemental Guidelines for Removing Paint From Interior and Exterior Wood Surfaces [on file as "/exterior/Paint_Removal_USGSA.pdf ] - , US General Services Administration, Historical Preservation Technical Procedures, 06400-02, web search August 2010, original source: //, "Common Paint Problems," illustrates common paint failures - though their images and text appear to have been stolen from PPG -whose own original page was DOA as of 2019/12/13 which catalogs paint failures and causes, "Paint problem solver" from Lowes unfortunately abandoned and removed from their site as of 2019/12/13, is a lab offering paint chip failure analysis, Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the, Building Pathology, Deterioration, Diagnostics, and Intervention, Samuel Y. Harris, P.E., AIA, Esq., ISBN 0-471-33172-4, John Wiley & Sons, 2001 [General building science-DF - ** Particularly useful text **. James D. Machen is a senior coatings consultant with KTATator, Inc., a coatings consulting engineering firm and distributor of inspection instruments, where he has been employed for over 20 years. The primary cause of this defect is water vapor. We show what different types of paint failures and painting mistakes look like on buildings and we define the terms used to explain kinds of paint job failures. As moisture penetrates, it migrates toward and accumulates at the point where the more concentrated solution of salt or solvent exists. For example, moisture-cured urethane (MCU) coatings that dry and cure by reaction with atmospheric moisture and other coating types (i.e., aliphatic polyurethanes) that are formulated with moisture sensitive components can also bubble. new masonry such as a recent pour of concrete. paint over a surface. over surfaces at a building. Paint adhesion failure due to gravity? Perhaps the nail was counter-sunk and puttied/filled. "Evaluation of accelerated weathering tests for three paint systems: a comparative study of their aging behaviour." quite often where a ceiling or wall corner is cut-in to the rest of the painted field using a brush, and then the Pigment & resin technology 26, no. 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