They dwelt in caves and they hunted animals such as mammoths and reindeer. Treaty of Verdun on August 10, 843. The country of France emerged from the fragmentation of the larger Carolingian empire, when Hugh Capet became King of West Francia in 987. Bohn. The French territory of the Visigoths is reduced to a coastal strip from the Pyrenees to the Rhône. Forced abdication of Napoleon and subsequent exile to Elba. I n ancient times France was part of the Celtic territory known as Gaul or Gallia. To read about the background to these events, see History of France. Feudal Era: 987-1328. See also the list of Frankish kings, French monarchs, and presidents of France. The south by the Mediterranean Sea, Italy, and Monaco. The French Revolution was soon eclipsed by the imperial ambitions of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821), and the ensuing Napoleonic Wars saw France first militarily dominate Europe, then be defeated. Historically and culturally among the most important nations in the Western world, France has also played a highly significant role in international affairs, with former colonies in every corner of the globe. The Rulers of France: From 840 Until 2017, Countries in Africa Considered Never Colonized, Biography of Napoleon Bonaparte, Great Military Commander, A History of the Palace of Versailles, Jewel of the Sun King, Biography of Louis XV, Beloved King of France, Biography of King Louis XIV, France’s Sun King, The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Paris: The capital city houses the Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, Montmartre, Arc de Triomphe, the river Seine, the Louvre Museum and many other great attractions. The history of France is deep and varied, dating back thousands of years to prehistoric man, and moving forward to today, where France is one of the leading nations of Europe. See Franks. "Historical Profile of France." The empire became the French Union; the national assembly was strengthened and the presidency weakened; and France joined NATO. France is a European nation that has experienced a long and sometimes violent history. the Celts arrived from the East, bringing druids, warriors and craftsmen to share the land with the farmers. Much of his reign was dominated by Cardinal Richelieu, who became principal minister in 1624 and held power until his death in 1642. The Frankish tradition, by which the king was succeeded by all of his sons, led to power struggles and the eventual disintegration of the kingdom into a collection of small feudal states. This European country of France was first known as Gaul, (or Gallia), a territory conquered in 51 B.C. France is a country in Western Europe that is roughly hexagonal in shape. Robert Wilde is a historian who writes about European history. An interesting fact about France tells us that all roads in the country have a point where they all start. The Cro-Magnons are known for … Buellesbach, Alfred. French was the official language of England for about 300 years It’s hard to imagine that French was the official language of England between 1066 and 1362. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 16:47. In Poitiers in 732 Charles Martel defeated the Moors, thus preventing France from falling under Muslim rule as Spainhad done. This kingdom consolidated power and expanded territorially, becoming known as “France.” Early wars were fought over land with English monarchs, including the Hundred Years War, then against the Habsburgs, especially after the latter inherited Spain and appeared to surround France. Toward 1,000 B.C. Going way back, the first to inhabit what is now France were the Neanderthals. by Julius Caesar in the Gallic Wars. However things did not go smoothly in France. The Romans erected public buildings and th… At one point France was closely associated with the Avignon Papacy, and experienced wars of religion after the Reformation between a twisting combination of Catholic and Protestant. Charles Maurice De Talleyrand: Skilled Diplomat or Turncoat? Hutton, Patrick H. and Amy J. Around 6,000 B.C., scattered farmers inhabited the land. Absolutism was summed up by Louis XIV when he said 'L'etat c'est moi' (I am the state). Share | Discover in a free daily email today's famous history and birthdays Enjoy the Famous Daily. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2009. The Eiffel Tower in the centre of Paris is often referred to as the "Iron Lady" and is 324 m high/ 1,063 ft. A HISTORY of FRANCE. Following the Franco-Sardinian victory over the, "French government adopts a law that requires every French, Beginning of the French intervention in Mali against Islamic militants known as, 17 people, including three police officers, are killed in two terrorist attacks by Muslim terrorists; the, Some 3.7 million people demonstrate nationwide against terrorism and for freedom of speech following the terrorist attack at.